When you write a resume, you’re essentially listing all the qualities and skills that make you the ideal new employee. While your cover letter details why you would suit the particular job that you’re applying for, your resume should give a clear and to-the-point history of your education and work experience.

But many people make basic errors on their resumes that can mean they get passed over for a role. Here are five resume mistakes to avoid:

1. Personal details

Your resume should have very few personal details about you that aren’t work-related. Your hobbies, your goals, your star sign – these are all better left out of your professional resume – along with details like your age, race, marital status, sexuality, gender, or political leanings. These things are rarely relevant and could potentially lead to profiling or discrimination.

If a particular hobby or interest of yours pertains to a job you’re applying for, you can try to find somewhere else for it. For example, if you are applying for a media position and you have an interest in photography, there could be a way to work this into your cover letter.

RELATED: 10 things to keep in mind when writing your CV

2. Academic transcript

Detailing your education should be restricted to your achievements – majors, awards, diplomas, fellowships and any relevant extra-curricular activity. Don’t get bogged down in the details of every subject or class you ever took; just focus on the most important parts. Most employers aren’t interested in your grades, but they are interested in the end result. List your academic achievements chronologically, and date them.

3. Poor grammar

While anyone can spellcheck their resume before sending it off, there are some mistakes that are harder to catch, such as colloquialisms and unclear, rambling sentences. A few bullet points succinctly describing your work experience should suffice.

Above all, whatever grammatical style you chose for your resume, keep it consistent, so watch out for discrepancies like using personal pronouns in one section and then dropping them in the next, or switching between tenses.

4. Bad news

There’s no need to include negative things on your resume – jobs you were fired from, incidents from university, even run-ins with the police. Your resume is there to sell you as an employee, so be positive and enthusiastic. If there is something in your past that you know will be a red flag for a hiring manager, make sure you have an explanation ready to go so if it comes up in an interview so you aren’t caught off guard.

5. Too much text

Having huge sections of text on your resume can be overwhelming. There is no way to know how many other applications a hiring manager might receive, but it’s a good idea to assume they’re going to be looking through dozens of resumes.

Your job is to tell a potential employer as much as possible in as little time as possible, so use short sentences and bullet points where applicable. By making the text easier to read, you make yourself easier to hire.

For more advice on writing resumes and cover letters, check out our resume tips here.

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